If you have take a formal logic course, you will recognize this as the logical fallacy of “affirming the consequent“. The LSAT test designers recognize it as a tool to attract you to the wrong answer.
Sometimes a picture is worth a thousand words. Here is a nice picture that explains why bad backward reasoning is bad. Hat tip to “LSAT Freedom”.
@LSATFreedom Thanks for this great #LSATPrep example! Proof that a picture is worth 1000 words
— LSAT PREParation (@LSATPreparation) July 8, 2013
Dog #logic? Here's a little reminder that if all Ps are Qs, it doesn't necessarily mean all Qs are Ps. #LSAT http://t.co/UO7ZqBBVAp
— LSAT Freedom (@LSATFreedom) July 7, 2013
Bad backward reasoning is one of many components taught in university logic courses. It is an aspect of the proper understanding of “conditional statements”. Listen to my interview of Professor D. Bennet about her book “Logic Made Easy“.